Friday, July 21, 2017

From the Probate Files: Hugh Kennedy - Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, 1814

I was originally drawn to this fifth great grandfather's*will because of the relatively legible handwriting of the Allegheny County clerk who copied the original into the official records.**

[History of Allegheny county, Pennsylvania : including its early settlement and progress to the present time ; a description of its historic and interesting localities ; its cities, towns and villages; religious, educational, social and military history ; mining, manufacturing and commercial interests, improvements, resources, statistics, etc. ; also, biographies of many of its representative citizens
by Cushing, Thomas, b. 1821, Publication date 1889, Publisher Chicago : A. Warner & Co. Source:]

All Hugh's children are named but only two of his son received more than one dollar.

In the name of God Amen. I Hugh Kennedy of the County of
allegheny and the Township of Mifflin being weak in body but of sound &
perfect mind and memory Blessed be Almighty God for the same do make
and publish this my last will and Testament in manner and form foll-
owing that (is to say) first I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife Eli-
zabeth Kennedy a good deacent mentenence together with all the bedd-
ing and household furniture enduring her life or widowhood. I do also

give and bequeath unto my Eldest Son William one dollar. Also I give and 
bequeath unto my Daughter Rebecca one dollar. I also give and bequeath un-
to my Daughter Mary one dollar. I also give and bequeath unto my son Martin
one Dollar. I also give and bequeath unto my daughter Jennet one dollar.
I also give and bequeath unto my son Henry one dollar. I also give and
bequeath unto my daughter Catherine one dollar. I also give and bequeath
unto my son James one Dollar. I also give and bequeath unto my daughter
Isabella one Dollar. I also give and bequeath unto my two sons Hugh & D-
avid their heirs and assigns all that my messuage or Tenements situated
lying and being in the Township and County aforesaid. Together with all my
other free hold Estate whatsoever to hold to them the said Hugh and David
their heirs and assigns forever. And lastly I give and bequeath unto my
beloved wife all the rest and residue and remainder of my personal prop-
erty estate goods and chattels of what kind and nature soever enduring
her widowhood, and at her death to be divided betwixt my two sons Hugh
& David each the one half together with each paying the half of my lawfull
debts. And I do hereby appoint my sons David and my trusty friend William
Canel my whole sole Executors of this my last will and Testament hereby re-
voking all former wills by me made. In Witness whereof I have heretofo-
re set my hand and seal this second day February in the year of our Lo-
rd one thousand eight hundred and fourteen. Signed Sealed published a-
nd declared by the above named Hugh Kennedy to be his last will and
Testament in the presence of us who have hereunto subscribed our names.
Geo. M Millen   Adam Boyd   Jeremiah Feree                his
                                                                               Hugh  X  Kennedy {Seal}

[Will Books, 1789-1917; Author: Allegheny County (Pennsylvania). Register of Wills; Probate Place: Allegheny, Pennsylvania.

Allegheny County fs. On the day of March A D. 1814 Personally came Ge-
orge M Millen, Adam Boyd and Jeremiah Feree the Subscribing witnesses
to the within will before Saml. Jones Register for the probate of wills aforesaid
County, and being duly Sworn they did depose and say that they were pres-
ent and did see Hugh Kennedy make his mark to this instrument of wri-
ting and published pronounced & declared the same to be his last will an-
d Testament, and that he was of sound mind and memory at the ti-
me of so doing to the best of their Knowledge. Given under my hand, etc.
day & year aforesaid.
                        Recorded 9th March 1814.              Saml. Jones Register

Ancestry's databases also include the original will itself although some words on the left margin haven't been scanned. Comparing the two versions, as far as I can tell the main difference between them is the spelling of some of the words. (In his determination to fit everything within the lines, the clerk was certainly willing to break words in eccentric ways.)

[Will Packets Or Files, 1789-1917; Author: Allegheny County (Pennsylvania). Register of Wills; Probate Place: Allegheny, Pennsylvania.

*Here's my descent from Hugh Kennedy:


**I have the 1680 inventory of another maternal ancestor, tenth great grandfather Peter Worden, waiting for me to tackle its crabbed script.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Thursday, July 20, 2017

Limited Time Free Webinar: "Analyzing Documents Sparks Ideas for Further Research" Presented by Angela Packer McGhie, CG

You are missing out if you don't have a subscription to Legacy Family Tree Webinars.  They have amazing presentations on all aspects of genealogy released on a continual basis, and most of it is NOT available to non-subscribers.

A subset of their offerings are hosted and sponsored by the Board for Certification of Genealogists (BCG), a highly respected organization that professional genealogists often use as part of their education.  If you are like me and can't physically attend the various institutes and seminars provided throughout the country, this is a great way to further your skills from your computer.

Today's webinar is in the BCG category and is presented by Angela Packer McGhie, "Analyzing Documents Sparks Ideas for Further Research":
Taking the time to analyze documents for reliability, context and information can provided useful clues. Using these clues to map out a research plan can advance your research.

1 hour 25 minutes.  Originally recorded July 18, 2017, and is free for non-subscribers through July 25, 2017.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Wednesday, July 19, 2017

Working on Wednesday: Opal May Slater (1890 - 1973) Part 2

Looking through newspapers I was able to find out more about Opal's teaching career before she left for Harvard than was apparent using city directories and census lists.

In 1913 she was granted a Teacher's Certificate for second grade in Kansas according to The Eureka Herald and Greenwood County Republican. 


Later that year the same newspaper's social pages identified Opal as a teacher at Hamilton Schools while reporting on her visit to her uncle James Slater.


The next time I found Opal's name was in a May of 1916 list of people receiving first grade Teachers' Certificates in  The Santa Fe New Mexican.


From this clipping from The Clayton Citizen we learn Opal's job in New Mexico was Principal of the local high school.


[Detail of Union County, New Mexico, including Clayton from Clason's Guide Map Of New Mexico. Published By The Clason Map Co. Denver, Colorado. Copyrighted 1915 by The Clason Map Co. Denver, Colo. 1916 Edition. Source: David Rumsey Historical Map Collection.]

Here's another story from the same source mentioned Opal as the assistant director of the school play.*


*This isn't the first time I found Opal connected with the stage as you can see in this 1912 clipping from The Denver Rocky Mountain News. (And that's not counting her interest in Aesthetic Dance.)


© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Tuesday, July 18, 2017

Book Shelf: "Danzig Chronik eines Jahrtausends" [Danzig Chronicle of a Millennium] by Hans Georg Siegler

I think that the George Hartley who applied for this 1794 Seamen's Protection Certificate in Philadelphia is likely a brother of Solomon Hartley.  If George was born in Dantzig, Poland, and was the "son of George Hartley labourer of Dantzig" then I think it is likely that labourer George is also possibly Solomon's father.  Solomon's three sons all considered Solomon Hartley to be foreign-born, either from Poland or Germany.  Solomon had "Pitsborough" [Pittsburgh] as his birthplace in his Seamen's Protection Certificate, I know not why at this point.  George Hartley Mariner, 3 July 1794, Proofs of Citizenship Used to Apply for Seamen's Certificates for the Port of Philadelphia, 1792-1861, NARA M1880, Roll 1; digital image, search for "George Hartley" on Ancestry ( : accessed 18 Jul 2017).

Since it is possible that my earliest known Hartley ancestor Solomon Hartley (1775-1815) was born in Gdansk/Danzig/Dantzik, Poland, based on what I've been able to gather so far, I think I need to concentrate my research efforts in that area, around that time (I also need to research in Amsterdam around 1794, which is where the above George Hartley came from on his journey to Philadelphia).

"Dantzik" closeup from "Carte de la Mer Baltique" (1773) by Jacques Nicolas Bellin, from the David Rumsey Map Collection.

Finding information on that particular time period (about 1775) on Gdansk online, however, has proven to be more difficult than I originally expected.  I will need to consult books, and apparently most not in English, if I am to get a better understanding.

To that end, I ordered "Danzig Chronik eines Jahrausends" by Hans Georg Siegler as a start to building my knowledge.  It's written entirely in German, but I have Google Translate to help:

The whole book is an account, year by year, of happenings in Danzig/Gdansk, from roughly the 900s to 1990.  I need to check the FamilySearch catalog and WorldCat to find more works on the area in the 1700s.  I am assuming at this point that most of these works will not be English.

Ideally I would pay a specialist in Polish/German history to give me an overview of the situation in the 1770s, and some ideas on where to start for records (and then do that research for me), but that would cost more than I can afford at this point in time.

If there are any descendants of Solomon Hartley who would be willing to pay a professional for this search, that would be great! If anyone ever does that and finds some answers, please let me know if I am at least on the right track (and maybe who Solomon Hartley's mother was?).

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Monday, July 17, 2017

Monday Is for Mothers: Marriage Record for Rufina Tomlinson & L. Logan Slater - 1885

[ Kansas, County Marriages, 1811-1911 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Operations, Inc., 2016.
Original data: Marriage Records. Kansas Marriages. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, UT.]

And I think this double portrait probably dates from around the same time.

[Courtesy Of Olive Slater-Kennedy]

I wasn't able to find out more about the minister who married them or the photographer in Neodesha, Kansas, who took their photo.

When I started this post I thought that I hadn't seen their marriage record but it turns out I included it in an earlier one.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Sunday, July 16, 2017

Sunday Drive: Fête Foraine - Carpentras, 2017

After enjoying a delicious Moroccan dinner at La Palmeraie in Carpentras on Friday evening we strolled around the old city before venturing into the bright lights and crowds at the fun fair being held on the site of the weekly market. It was the night of the Fête nationale and since the fireworks had been cancelled because the wind was blowing strongly, everybody was looking to have some fun.

By contrast the city was quiet and peaceful.

[All photos from my personal collection]

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Saturday, July 15, 2017

Limited Time Free Webinar: "Google Books: the tool you should use every day!" by Lisa Louise Cooke

I've been waiting for this webinar!  I have found some great information on Google Books through the years, and I hope to learn some new things about this amazing tool.

"Google Books: the tool you should use every day!" was presented by Lisa Louise Cooke on July 12, 2017 (free to view for non-subscribers through July 19, 2017):
25 million digitized and searchable free books are at your fingertips. Learn how to make the most of this goldmine chock full of historical data! You’ll discover the best techniques for finding fully digitized book FAST, and search secrets for locating genealogical data. Learn to capitalize on and translate the foreign language volumes from your ancestor's homeland. Then we’ll go beyond the obvious and track down maps, images, photos and more.

Runs 1 hour 33 minutes

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Friday, July 14, 2017

Celebrations: La Fête Nationale

Every year on July 14th France celebrates its national holiday commemorating the fall of the Bastille in 1789. Fireworks are usually involved.


Not far from here lies the large village of Monteux which is famous for its pyrotechnic displays. Yesterday evening found us picnicking on the grass at Lac du Monteux waiting for night to come and the fireworks to start. The weather was perfect.

Warned that the best views would be from the amphitheater farther around the lake, three of our party (Doris, Detlef and Kevin) decided to go there while Bonnie and I opted to remain in place. They saw details that we missed but we loved the sensation of the fireworks seeming to explode overhead and we all agreed that they were some of the best fireworks we've ever seen.

[From my personal collection]

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Thursday, July 13, 2017

Throwback Thursday: Newspapers and Publications Published in San Diego 1887-1888

This is taken from collection of digitized city directories for San Diego in the late 1800s and early 1900s.  "Maxwell's Directory of San Diego City and County for 1887-1888" (San Diego, CA: Geo. W. Maxwell, 1888), page 29; digital image, sandiegopubliclibrary at Internet Archive ( : 13 Jul 2017).

One of the things I love about old city directories is that they can contain some great leads on where to look for additional contemporary research in an area.

Crop closeup of the newspapers and publications listed in the previous image.  GenealogyBank has quite a few.

GenealogyBank's San Diego holdings as of 13 July 2017.

Note: The California Digital Newspaper Collection also has some issues of the Coronado Mercury between 16 May 1887 - 25 July 1896 (630 issues).

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Working on Wednesday: Opal May Slater (1890 - 1973) Part 1

Christine and I have already shared images of this maternal great aunt including posts showing a 1902 group portrait of Severy, Kansas, grammar school graduates with Opal and her brother Harry* sitting in the front row; a high school group photograph, also in Severy; a picture of the 1908 Severy girls' basketball team; a 1912 newspaper clipping about the Aesthetic Dance movement in Boulder; a late 1930s photo with her mother Rufina and a friend; and a 1954 snapshot of her and her brother Harry's wife and youngest son and his new bride Washington, D.C. But Opal, who I've been told had a great influence on my mother Alta, certainly deserves a closer look at her many achievements.

Here's a picture of her at the time of her high school graduation, probably in 1908.

[Detail of graduation group portrait. Courtesy of Olive Slater-Kennedy]

She went on to graduate from the University of Colorado, Boulder in 1915, a year later than her younger brother Cecil, and she continued the teaching career she'd begun in Kansas before the family moved to Colorado.

Here are the 1910 and 1920 U.S. Census listings for Opal (the yellow lines), first in Kansas and then in Colorado.

[Year: 1910; Census Place: Twin Groves, Greenwood, Kansas; Roll: T624_441; Page: 11A;
Enumeration District: 0037; FHL microfilm: 1374454. Source:]

[Year: 1920; Census Place: Boulder Ward 3, Boulder, Colorado; Roll: T625_156; Page: 10B;
Enumeration District: 51; Image: 466.Source:]

But Opal wasn't done with her education and she set her sights high, becoming one of the first group of women to be awarded a Harvard degree from their School of Education** in 1921. (Yes, THAT Harvard!)

Come back next week for more about this amazing woman.

*My grandfather.
**M. Edu. according to a newspaper report.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Tuesday, July 11, 2017

Were Their Parents Foreign Born? The 1870 Census Asks That Question

Lines 11 and 12 of the 1870 Census had boxes to check if the father and/or mother was foreign born.  From the top of George Hartley's 1870 Census entry (see below).

It pays to continue your genealogy education. This became clear to me when I watched Mary Kircher Roddy's webinar "Censational Census Strategies" again last night. Since the vast majority of my ancestors came to the Americas in the 1600s and 1700s, I have routinely overlooked some questions relating to foreign born parents in the federal censuses.  Bad genealogist.

I've written about my mysterious 4th great grandfather, Solomon Hartley (1775-1815) and noted that it wasn't until the 1880 Census was I able to determine that two of his sons thought he was foreign born (Germany or Poland).  Solomon's son William died in 1874, so I thought that I wouldn't get his answer to his father's origin, until I realized, through Mary Kircher Roddy's demonstration, that the 1870 does ask if the parents are foreign born (just not from where).

Duh, Christine!

Solomon had three known sons: George, William, and Abner Hartley.  George Hartley is my ancestor.

Not a fool proof indicator.  In 1870 Solomon's son George Hartley's (1805-1880) father is not checked as foreign born, contrary to what George has on the 1880 Census.  Rebecca Paul Hartley's parents were born in Pennsylvania.  As a contrast, their neighbor June Gerdar(?), a 70 year old woman born in Scotland, predictably had foreign-born parents.  1870 U.S. census, Linn County, Iowa, population schedule, Cedar Rapids Ward 4, p. 62B (stamped)/p. 150, dwelling 1031, family 1075, George Hartley; digital image, ( accessed 11 Jul 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication M593, roll 405.

1880 Census.  George's father is from Germany.  1880 U.S. Census, Linn County, Iowa, population schedule, Cedar Rapids, enumeration district (ED) 257, p. 120 (stamped), dwelling 445, family 518; George Hartley; digital image, ( : accessed 11 Jul 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication T9, roll 351.

William Hartley (1807-1874) only lived to the 1870 Census.

William Hartley has a foreign born father in the 1870 Census.  His wife Helen (Rutter) Hartley was born in Rhode Island to English parents (according to her 1880 Census entry), so she has both parents checked as foreign born.  1870 U.S. census, Camden County, New Jersey, population schedule, Camden South Ward, p. 461A (stamped), dwelling 550, family 645, William Hartley; digital image, ( accessed 11 Jul 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication M593, roll 856.

Abner Hartley (1813-1890) gave the same answer as brother William:

In the 1870 Census, Abner has a foreign born father, while his sons Ner and Ruthven P. Hartley have an American father (as expected).  Abner's nephew William G. Onetto also had an American born father (Abner Hartley's older half-brother Joseph Onetto (1797-1851), who was born in Pennsylvania).  1870 U.S. census, Jersey County, Illinois, population schedule, Township 6 Range 11, p. 671B (stamped), dwelling 46, family 46, Abner Hartley; digital image, ( accessed 11 Jul 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication M593, roll 233.

In the 1880 Census, Abner has a father born in Poland.  1880 U.S. Census, Jersey County, Illinois, population schedule, Elsah, enumeration district (ED) 92, p. 2A (stamped), dwelling 32, family 37; Abner Hartley; digital image, ( : accessed 7 Jul 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication T9, roll 216.

The evidence that Solomon Hartley was born in either Germany or Poland has grown a little bit after I've looked at these census records more carefully.  Other records back in Philadelphia, including a man (George Hartley) who I believe is likely a brother of Solomon's, lead to me think Solomon was possibly born in Danzig (Gdansk), Poland, or else somewhere in Germany.  Solomon may have spent some of his childhood in Pittsburgh, where he said he was born (in his Seamen's Protection Certificate), but something lead Solomon's sons to believe he wasn't born there.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Monday, July 10, 2017

Monday Is for Mothers: Maria De Guadalupe Lujan (1809 - 1884)

Following up on last week's post about a friend's fourth great grandmother, here's another, later portrait of Guadalupe with one of her daughters-in-law, Maria Pia de la Luz Herrera (1844-1914).*

[Luz Herrera de Quintana [right] and Maria de Guadalupe Lujan de Quintana]

A note on the photographer: Richard “R.J.” Arnold was born in England in 1856 and died in Monterey, California, in 1929. Over the years he had photo studios in San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara and Alameda before moving to Monterey in 1901. In 2015 some of his photographs were in several exhibitions which you can read about here and here.**

*Luz was the wife of my friend's fourth great uncle Pedro de Jesus Maria Quintana (1833-1921).
**The painted background in this double portrait can be seen in several of the photographs in the exhibitions.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Sunday, July 9, 2017

Sunday Drive: Lake Wohlford - 1949

I don't know if this is the first fish I ever caught.

[Pat 25 months - Lake Wohlford. From my personal collection]

[Tow to the end of Lake Wohlford - 1949. From my personal collection]

That fishing rod is one I used a lot in later years.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Saturday, July 8, 2017

Passwords on Rolodex

My password rolodex
Let's just say I'm selectively organized.  Much of my house looks like the aftermath of a game of Jumanji, but sometimes I figure things out.

A few years ago I realized that I use a variety of sites with passwords daily.  The computer can save the passwords, of course, but when there is a computer crash those passwords have to be typed back in.

I read somewhere that a Rolodex could be used to store the passwords.  It can't be hacked online, and it is conveniently accessible.

The username and password I use for GenealogyBank can be accessed immediately.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Friday, July 7, 2017

A James Harrod Founded the Oldest American Settlement in Kentucky

But was he "our" James Harrod?

[Etching depicting the reconstructed Old Fort Harrod. Source: The Friends of Fort Harrod ]

Sadly, it's clear that this is a different person. This James Harrod was born in Pennsylvania and disappeared into the wilderness in 1792.

[James Harrod of Harrodsburg. Source: The Friends of Fort Harrod ]

The site of the fort is now a Kentucky State Park.You can check out the website here.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Thursday, July 6, 2017

Thursday Night Free Webinar: Mary Kircher Roddy presents "Censational Census Strategies"

I've learned over the past few years that I can solve some of my genealogical problems by just looking at censuses a bit more carefully.  The more you research a family the more these records reveal, when you know what to look for.  Mary Kircher Roddy shows some steps to accomplish this in "Censational Census Strategies" (recordd July 5, 2017, free to nonsubscribers through July 12, 2017).
The US Federal census and its “little brother,” the state census, are among the major workhorses of genealogical research. But are you getting the most out of them? This presentation presents 20+ tips for finding missing ancestors and mining the census for more clues for follow-up research.

Runs 1 hour 29 minutes.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Wednesday, July 5, 2017

Working on Wednesday: James Harrod (About 1738 - About 1781) Early Settler in Tennessee

James Harrod* was born in the Colony of Virginia, possibly in Stafford County, around 1738 and married a young woman named Elizabeth "Betsey"** in neighboring Orange County in about 1759. By 1760 the couple had moved to North Carolina where their five known children were born, including their oldest son Barnabeth (or Barnett), one of my paternal fourth great grandfathers, in 1762.

[Carolina And Georgia. (to accompany) Atlas Minimus or a New Set of Pocket Maps of the Several Empires, Kingdoms and States of the Known World, with Historical Extracts relative to each. Drawn and Engraved by J. Gibson from the Best Authorities, Revis'd, Corrected and Improv'd by Eman: Bowen Geographer to His Majesty. 1758. Source: David Rumsey Historical Map Collection]

It appears that James and his family traveled west in the early 1770s to settle on land first leased then purchased from the Cherokee Indians along the Watauga River in what is now Tennessee*** and in 1779 he joined a group of 250 (mostly men and boys****) led by James Robertson moving farther west to French Lick on the Cumberland River.

On May 1, 1780, the new settlers signed a document known as the Cumberland Compact which set up "a simple constitutional government." James Harrod's name is found on the 20th line of the first column of the second page.


[Jas Harrod signature]

Their settlement, first called Bluff Station and later known as Fort Nashborough (now Nashville), covered about two acres enclosed by a stockade and protected the newcomers from attacks by the Cherokee who rightly viewed their arrival as threatening their traditional hunting grounds.

[Postcard showing first reconstruction (on a smaller scale) of the original fort funded by the Daughters of the American Revolution in the 1930s. Source: Boston Public Library-Tichnor Brothers Postcard Collection]

I haven't been able to discover the date of James Hariod's death--but it's believed that he was killed by Indians during one of their attacks. By 1783 his widow Betsey had married Daniel Hogan, another signer of the Cumberland Compact.

*This is the spelling of his surname used in the Cumberland Compact; later variants include Herod and Herrod. My paternal grandmother Letta Estella Porter Warren Williams Turnbull is his great great great granddaughter.
**Her maiden name is unknown.
***The original English coastal colonies in North America claimed all the lands to the west as far as the Mississippi River.
****Most of their families traveled 1,000 miles by river to join their menfolks, arriving four months later. Presumably Betsey and the children were among them.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.