Friday, May 26, 2017

Testing, Testing: My DNA Results from National Geographic's Geneographic Project

There weren't any surprises when I looked at the results from my Geno 2.0 Next Generation test: 99% European divided into 40% Northwestern Europe, 32% Southwestern Europe and 26% Eastern Europe. Their regions are larger and less well defined than those in my other tests but overall the results track with what I already knew based on my known pedigree and had confirmed by AncestryDNA and 23andMe. (Oh, and I'm 1.5% Neanderthal according to this test, less than predicted by 23andMe but still higher than the average of this test's 834,322 participants.*)

Through what they're calling "Genius Matches" I'm informed that I share direct maternal ancestors with the Italian renaissance poet Petrarch (perhaps as recently as 25,000 years ago) and Abraham Lincoln (maybe as far as 65,000 years back). What value does this information have to me? If it's intended to make me feel a closer connection to these two historic figures, it's not working.**

[Portrait of Francesco Petrarca from Wikimedia Commons]

Because I participated in Nat Geo's earlier mitochondrial DNA test I already knew that my maternal haplogroup is J1C2. Those of you who have still to find out their own*** may find the section explaining the development of the various haplogroups useful.

The major problem I have with this test is illustrated in this quote from the Project's FAQ in response to a query about the availability of the raw data:
For Geno 2.0 Next Gen Participants (but not Geno 2.0 Next Gen Helix co-branded kits) the raw analytical output from your DNA sample is available for purchase through our partner, Family Tree DNA. Go to My Profile, select the My Results tab and scroll down till you see Transfer my Results on the right hand side. 
For Geno 2.0 Next Gen Helix co-branded kit Participants, we are currently exploring options to be able to make this available to you.
As someone who used the Helix-branded kit not only can't I see my raw data now, it's clear from the first sentence above that if/when it will be available, I would have to pay extra for it.

In retrospect I'm not sure what I was expecting from this DNA test when I sent my little tube across town (literally, as Helix is a San Diego based company) but I'm underwhelmed by the results and looking around on the internet I see that I'm not alone.

*According to the website that's the number to date.
**I'm not sure whether I'm more irked than amused by these matches.
***To discover your haplogroup might be the only reason I would recommend this product to anyone.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Thursday, May 25, 2017

Free Military Records At Ancestry Through Memorial Day!

"Sq. 9, Co. A 7th Training Reg't., Plattsburg" (Plattsburg Camp?), circa 1915-1920, glass negative, from Bain News Service; Library of Congress Flickr ( accessed 25 May 2017).

Great news for anyone not an Ancestry subscriber.  U.S. military records will be free on Ancestry until Monday, May 29 at 11:59 pm (Eastern Standard Time).

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Not Working on Wednesday: Harry Slater & Friends Behaving Badly

 Guess which one is my grandfather?

[Courtesy of Olive Slater-Kennedy]

He's not the guy in the dress or the dude with the cane. Yep, that's Harry in the most embarrassing costume in the frame.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Tuesday, May 23, 2017

Genealogy Overhaul, Not Quite a Do Over

My ongoing cleanup of all locations in Legacy 9 has provided a much needed break from research mode. I can't believe how many mistakes have crept into our tree over the years!

When I have done all the cleanup I can take forfor the day I've spent the remainder of my free time brushing up on basics, like making the most of what I already have access to, like subscription databases and freely available resources, like FamilySearch.

I found a nice overview/review of FamilySearch presented by James Tanner:

One thing I learned from this video was "The Family History Guide," a "free, structured and sequenced learning experience with links to over a thousand additional help topics."  The front page states that it is an approved training resource for FamilySearch.  Pretty cool, especially for begiiners!

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Monday, May 22, 2017

School Days: High School Football Team - Severy, Kansas

We know that my maternal grandfather Harry Slater played baseball. Did he play football too?

[Courtesy of Olive Slater-Kennedy]

I don't recognize Harry in this group but if he is there is would have been taken around 1906 since we know that after high school he studies to be a pharmacist and received his license in 1908.

Love the goat!

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Sunday, May 21, 2017

Sunday Drive: Grenfell Ranch, South Dakota - 1951

Obviously I was having loads of fun sitting up on that big horse with Uncle Dick (Mother's younger brother Richard Grenfell, 1904-1981).

[From my personal collection]

Here's a view of the Grenfell place taken that same year which I shared in an earlier post about the trailer.

[From my personal collection]

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Saturday, May 20, 2017

A Short Blog Post After a Long Day

Me, circa 1972/1973.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Friday, May 19, 2017

From the Probate Files: Peter Worden II - New Plymouth, New England, 1680 (Part II)

Last week we looked at the first part of the will of the younger immigrant Peter Worden who had come to America with his father in about 1638. Now here's what he added to that will at a later date.

This 29th of July 1680, I Peter Worden yett Remaining in perfect ~ ~
memory though weak in body doe add this to my Will as a further ~ ~ ~
explanation; firstly that my ^wife have all her own disposall what ever shee
can raise of my land and Cattle in the improvement of them; during her life
for her support and is there be any overpluss to dispose it to my children
as shee shall see need
Whereas I have in my will given to my son Samuel all the cattle that
hee hath bin possessed of by mee; excepting two oxen my will it that as

["Massachusetts, Plymouth County, Probate Records, 1633-1967," images, FamilySearch ( : 20 May 2014), > image 514 & 515 of 616; State Archives, Boston.]

my son hath them principally for to doe the worke of my ~ ~
family, plowing and carting etc soe likewise that hee keepeth three
steers more of my Cattle; and when hee hath brought to of them to worke
suitable to supply the Round[?] of those above said two oxen, then I give one of
the old oxen to my wife and the other to my son Samuell; and
the third steer my son Samuell shall keep to the halves, hee to
have one halfe and his mother the other halfe; and my will is that
my son Samuell will breake other of my steers during my wife's
life to be in reddyness to doe the work as above said; and att my wife's
decease my will is that the two oxen that be then in Government shall
goe to my son Samuell with the house and land that my wife 
liveth on; likewise I give to my son Samuell my Gun and all my takleing
for plowing and carting and housebondry after my wife's decease and my son
Samuell is to provide his mother with firewood during her life
and likewise to provide hay for my cattle during his mother's life that
is to say to Gett the hay mowed and made and stacked and have
the oxen and Cart if a reddyness for that end the stocke of cattle, to
pay for the geting of the said hay excepting cart and oxen for draught
Further whereas my son Kendline Winslow oweth mee forty
shillings I give him twenty shillings of it; and whereas my son John
Burge oweth mee thirty shillings I give him twenty of it; and likewise 
I give my Indian servant to my son Samuell after my wife's ~ ~
decease; as Witness my hand and seal the day and year above said
Memorandum I except one Cow and Calfe that I have in Samuell's
hand ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 
Signed and sealed in the presence                          Peter Worden
of us John Freeman Senior: An?isson;                   And a {Seal}
Silas Sares

Next time we'll look at the inventory of Peter's estate.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Thursday, May 18, 2017

Thursday Night Free Webinar: Debbie Parker Wayne Presents "MAXY DNA: Correlating mt-at-X-Y DNA with the GPS"

Need tips from an expert on using the DNA results in a genealogical proof standard?  You know I do!

Debbie Wayne Parker presented "MAXY DNA: Correlating mt-at-X-Y DNA with the GPS" on May 16, 2017:
MAXY DNA includes mitochondrial DNA (M), autosomal DNA (A), X-DNA (X), and Y-DNA (Y). Case studies demonstrate analysis principles and techniques that work. Learn to correlate DNA test results with documentary research as part of the Genealogical Proof Standard (GPS).

This webinar is hosted and sponsored by the Board for Certification of Genealogists.

1 hour 27 minutes.  Free for non-subscribers through May 23, 2017.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

Working on Wednesday: Work on the New Basement Continues - Encanto, 1951

Several weeks ago I shared photos of the beginnings of the new basement. Here are some progress photos taken in late 1951 and early 1952.

[Basement of new room - November 51 - Ready to pour]

[Looking at basement of new room from east - Nov 51 - Ready to pour]

[1952 - Living Room]

In the last picture I appear to have bravely wandered out on the floor joists.

[Detail of above photo, all from my personal collection]

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Tuesday, May 16, 2017

Getting Inspired to Continue Cleaning Up My Locations: Geoff Rasmussen Presents "September 5, 2014: Locations, Mapping and Legacy"

I'm still in the process of cleaning up my locations.  I didn't realize that we had at least 2 or 3 different ways to express any given location.  Take Anaheim, a city in Los Angeles County, California:

Anaheim, CA
Anaheim, California
Anaheim, Los Angeles, California
Anaheim, Los Angeles, California, United States
Anaheim, Los Angeles, California, USA
Anaheim, Los Angeles County, California
Anaheim, Los Angeles County, California, USA
Anaheim, Los Angeles County, California, United States of America
Anaheim, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

and the list goes on.

So yeah, it's taking more time than I originally expected, but that is what I get for not determining a standard way to add location names in my Ancestry tree.  Don't be like me!  Standardize your locations, in as specific a way as possible, now!

The reason I am doing all this is to have a smooth, functional database of location names.  It helps me to get inspired when I see what others do when it comes to locations.  If you also user Legacy you might be inspired by the September 5, 2014 Legacy Virtual User's Group Meeting, free from Legacy Family Tree Webinars, "Locations, Mapping and Legacy," headed by Geoff Rasmussen.  As usual, there is a lot to learn from these webinars.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Monday, May 15, 2017

Monday Is for Mothers: Alta Mae Slater (1917 - 1986)

Although I never met my birth mother I have a lot of pictures of her, thanks to my Aunt Topsy.*

[Grandad (Tomlinson) built pen of quakers/Alta at Camp Rain, probably 1918]

[Alta and her brother James, probably 1920]

[Alta Mae, undated photo]

[Eighth Grade Graduation, Alta is in the front row, second from the right]

[Alta at Longmont High]

[Alta (high school?)]

[Alta (undated)]

[Alta c.1950 at her brother's house in California]

[Undated, but cute!]

[Alta in Japan c.1954]

[Alta - Longfellow School, Oakland, California, 1960s]

[Alta and husband Pete Norville again visiting family in California, c.1970]

*Alta's sister-in-law, she married James Slater. All the photos in this post (except the Oakland one) are from family collections that she's graciously shared with us.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Sunday, May 14, 2017

Celebrations: Mother's Day

Here we are, the mother who raised me, Bernice Evangeline Grenfell Curry and I cavorting in the water in Big Basin Redwoods State Park. The year was 1948 and I was one year old.*

[From my personal collection]

*Since I have absolutely no recollection of this event it's fortunate that Dad labeled the slide.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Saturday, May 13, 2017

Saturday Night Free Legacy Family Tree Webinar: Jane Wilcox Presents "New York City and State Governmental Vital Records"

I don't have any direct ancestors from New York City, but I definitely have a lot from upstate New York, and I struggle to find information beyond censuses.

Jane Wilcox explains how to approach New York City and state records in "New York City and State Governmental Vital Records" which was recorded yesterday, May 12, 2017:
New York is a notoriously challenging state to find birth, death and marriage records. Navigating New York City and State governmental vital records requires a "quick sheet" to make sure you have looked in every possible place to find the indexes and the records. Civil registration jurisdictions need to be clearly understood and considered, plus the key dates for laws and regulations that give context to what was actually collected, and when. And importantly, learn what is accessible today and how to order records. We'll also explore examples for using the records.

Free to non-subscribers through May 19, 2017.  Runs 1 hour 32 minutes.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Friday, May 12, 2017

From the Probate Files: Peter Worden II - New Plymouth, New England, 1680

Last month we looked at the will of another Peter Worden who was this Peter Worden's father. Both men had arrived in Yarmouth in about 1638. This will, written in 1679, included a mention of the land in Old England left to him by his father.

["Massachusetts, Plymouth County, Probate Records, 1633-1967," images, FamilySearch ( : 20 May 2014), > image 514 of 616; State Archives, Boston.]

I Peter Worden of the towne of Yarmouth in the collonie of New Plymouth
in New England in America about saventy one years of age being weake in
body yett in perfect memory doe make this my last will and testament ~ ~ ~
Firstly I bequeath my soule to God that gave it and my body to the earth to be
decently buryed when God's time is to remove mee out of this world by death ~ ~
Secondly. I make my son Samuell Worden my whole and sole executor to
whom I give all my lands upon the necke called Equinett Necke with all the
priviledges therto belonging, to him and his heires and assignes forever with
eight acrees of land att the south sea; to the said necke soe likewise I give
to my son Samuell Worden all my housing and land that I now live upon
after his mother's decease both upland and marsh and orchyard and the
land I bought to Mr. Allin; with all other lands due to mee from the towne
not yett layed out or from the country as procured by the late warr with
the indians; so likewise I give to my son Samuell my best bedsted and
my trundle bedsted; ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Thirdly I give to my daughter Martha the wife of Joseph Severens
a peece of marsh about three acrees be it more or lesse lying att the head
of the marsh above John Burgis his ditch; during her naturall life; and
after I give it to my son Samuell Worden to whom I likewise give ~
all the cattle that hee hath bine possessed of by mee excerpting two oxen ~ ~ ~
Fourthly I give to my loving wife Mary Worden the proffitts and improvement
of my housing and lands and orchyards that I now live upon during her natural
life, both upland and marsh with the land I bought of Mr. Allin and all
my household good and cattle for her support during her life and my will is
that what of my goods and cattle are left after my wife decease shal be
equally divided betwixt my three daughters Mary, Mercy and Martha ~~
Fifthly I give to my son Samuell Worden all my estate in old England
both land and other estate that came by my wife ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Sixthly I give to my daughter Mary the wife of John Burgis, the one half of my
forth acrees of upland att the head of the lotts to her her heires and assignes
forever ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~  ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 
Seaventhly I give to my daughter Martha the wife of Joseph Severens
all the cattle and goods that; shee is already possessed of by mee with one cow ~ ~
more att my decease and after her decease my will is that what of them are left
shall fall to her two daughters now living ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~  ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 
Lastly I give to my son Samuell Worden my Chist and my cloake;
Signed and sealed before                  Peter Worden [and a Seale]
us this 9th day of January 1679
John Freeman Senior
Silas Sares*   

On July 29, 1680, Peter Worden wrote an addition to this will "as a further explanation" which I will address in a future post.

*This transcription is based on one found at USGenWeb donated by Don Ross which I have edited and amended using the scan of the original.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Thursday, May 11, 2017

Throwback Thursday: Mission Bay High School ID

Another high school ID, this time the 1987-1988 year at Mission Bay High School (my 11th grade).

Nice mullet.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Wednesday, May 10, 2017

Gone for Soldiers: Civil War Trust Announces Preservation of 319 Acres at Historic Champion Hill Battlefield in Mississippi

With this addition, to date nearly 800 acres the Champion Hill Battlefield have been saved and will, in time, become part of the National Park Service's Vicksburg National Military Park.**

Almost exactly 154 years ago* my great great grandfather Dick Worden, a private in the 24th Iowa Regiment, was one of the soldiers in Grant's amy who took part in the first assault of the battle which ended in the rout of Confederate forces and sealed the fate of Vicksburg.

[Photo from the Mississippi Historical Markers website]

Here's an excerpt from the 24th Iowa's Regimental History describing their role in the battle:
It was engaged in constant skirmishing from that time to the battle of Champion's hill, where it proved the equal of any regiment engaged. At one time it advanced unsupported charged a battery of 5 guns that was creating havoc, fairly ran over the men at the guns, and drove the supporting infantry in wild confusion, but was compelled by overwhelming numbers to fall back. Forty-three were killed, 40 mortally wounded and nearly 30 maimed for life, the total loss in killed, wounded and captured being 195 out of 417 engaged.

It's great to know that someday I will be able to visit Champion Hill with my daughter and grandson to see where our ancestor helped preserve the Union.

*The fighting commenced on May 16, 1863
**When Bonnie and I visited Vicksburg in May, 2003, I didn't know that one of my ancestors had been there during the Civil War.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Tuesday, May 9, 2017

My School ID from 30 Years Ago

My tenth grade year.  The shorter my hair is, the curlier it gets!

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Monday, May 8, 2017

Monday Is for Mothers AND Animal Encounter: Squirrel!

According to Dad's notes these photos of Mother feeding a squirrel were taken in October of 1948 in Richardson's Grove State Park in the California redwoods.

[From my personal collection]

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Sunday, May 7, 2017

Sunday Drive: Encanto, 1948 (and 1950)

Finally we have a bright red truck that didn't belong to Dad! The man behind the wheel of this 1937 Ford 1/2 Ton Platform Stake Bed Truck is Encanto neighbor (Alva) Clyde Everett (1903-1992). He and his wife Mabel grew tomatoes in the field across Wunderlun Avenue from the back of the Currey property. The structure behind his truck is the shed they built to pack their tomatoes for market. This photo was taken in 1948.

This is view of the back of the Currey property which shows the tomato field and packing shed taken in the same year. The Everetts lived in the white house at the top of the hill.

And here's a closer look at the packing shed (taken in 1950). Apparently I was helping out.

[All photos from my personal collection]

Their listing in the San Diego City Directory for 1948. (Yes the address for their hilltop home was on Broadway which is a continuation of the street of the same name in downtown San Diego.)

[ City Directories, San Diego 1948]

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Saturday, May 6, 2017

You Guessed It: Another Free Webinar!

I've been enjoying my subscription to Legacy Family Tree Webinars even more than usual lately, because I finally decided to get genealogy software on my computer and not just foolishly rely on my info on Ancestry.  Plus there's all kinds of advanced functionality with this kind of software!

"Discover the new Legacy Family Tree 9" by Geoff Rasmussen
Learn about the latest innovations in the all-new Legacy Family Tree 9:
Hinting Searching
Backup to the Legacy Cloud
Cause of Death Charts
X-DNA Charts
Family Dictionary Report
Family Tree BINGO Report
Compare 2 People
Color Coding
much more 

Recorded yesterday, May 5, 2017, and runs 1 hour 27 minutes.

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.

Friday, May 5, 2017

From the Probate Files: Samuel Bixler - Frederick County, Pennsylvania, 1803

This has been a long and productive day for me so I've decided to resurrect this post from two years ago about my maternal ancestor Samuel Bixler* who signed his will on May 15, 1797. It began in the traditional manner by stating his name, place of residence and occupation, and commending his soul to God and his body to "Decent Christian Burial."

When he came to the distribution of his worldly estate, the first bequest Samuel made is to provide for his wife Elizabeth and he was quite specific about what she was to have.

"...and as for my Worldly Estate wherewith it has Pleased God to bless me with
in this life I give Devise and dispose of the Same in the following manner
and form - it is my will and Pleasure that my wife Elizabeth shall have
ninety pounds Specie out of my Moveable Estate and a Good bed and bedstead
& furniture thereto belonging and her Spinning Wheel and a good Chest and
all the Puter and Kitching Whear which she brought to me and my son
Peter Shall Keep her a riding creature Suficient for her use and two Cows and
two Sheep and them shall be used as his own and these during her natural
life if she remains a widow but if not it shall fall to my Children again
and it is further my will that my wife Elizabeth Shall have yearly as long as
she remains a widow Twenty Bushels of wheat and ten Bushels of Rye and
fifteen Pounds of Hackelt flax and fifteen Pounds of Toe and one
hundred Pounds of Good Pork and fifty pounds of good beef and one Pair
of Shoes one Bushel of Salt and she shall have Suficient firewood
brought to the Door and cut suficient for her house and she shall have her
Widow Seat in the house where I live in now And shall have the old Gartain
next to the house and room in the Spring house and three of the largest
apple Trees and two rows in the next orchard and two rows in the Ober orchard
and the one third Part of my Personal Estate and all the Linnen & Woollen
Stuff which remains after my Decease and the remainder of my Personal
Estate Shall be Praised after my Decease and Sold and the money shall be
Equally Divided amongst all my Children Excepting my son Samuel..."**
The detail above and my transcription come from FamilySearch's Maryland Register of Wills Records, 1629-1999, Frederick County, Wills 1794-1803 vol 3

["Maryland Register of Wills Records, 1629-1999," database with images, FamilySearch (,147314001 : accessed 12 August 2015), Frederick > Wills 1794-1803 vol 3 > image 309-310 of 332; Hall of Records, Annapolis.]

Even though in his 1797 will Samuel said he was "weak in Body" he didn't die until four years later and his will was brought to Frederick County's probate court by his oldest surviving son Peter Bixler*** on June 14, 1803. Elizabeth and her brother-in-law Samuel Flickinger, who had both been named as executors along with Peter, signed a document refusing to act in that role, leaving the administration of the estate to Peter.****

In the inventory of Samuel's estate, taken in July of 1803, the total value given was $557.78. It's clear from the list of the livestock and crops in the fields that the property was still a working farm, but in the descriptions of the tools and household goods the words "old" and "broken" appear constantly--what's missing are the things I would expect to find in a house that was occupied. To see what was customary, I looked at inventories taken before and after Samuel's and they list clothing, linens and food supplies (like wheat, coffee and bacon), and although old stuff is included it doesn't predominate.

While it doesn't appear to me that Samuel was living there, the house wasn't derelict--it still held three beds (although no bed linen), some walnut furniture, a clock worth $24 dollars and two iron stoves, a ten plate with pipe ($20)***** and an six plate one ($10). At the end of the inventory list my fourth great grandfather Emanuel Bixler and his brother Benjamin signed the record as the nearest relatives and Peter Bixler, as "Acting Executor" swore on his oath that the foregoing was a "True and Perfect Inventory of all & Singular the Goods and Chattles of the said Deceased that have come into his hands and possession at the time of the making thereof."

All of the detail above comes from FamilySearch's Maryland Register of Wills Records, 1629-1999, Frederick County, Inventories 1803-1805 vol 4.

["Maryland Register of Wills Records, 1629-1999," database with images, FamilySearch (,146999701 : accessed 12 August 2015), Frederick > Inventories 1803-1805 vol 4 > image 70-71 of 299; Hall of Records, Annapolis.]

Samuel Bixler, who appeared in the 1790 U.S. Census, was not named anywhere in the 1800 Census which only listed the head of each household. But their 29-year old son Peter's household included a free white man and woman aged 45 or older which would describe Samuel and Elizabeth. I think it's possible (though not provable) that Samuel's health, already poor in 1797, worsened to the point where he and Elizabeth moved in with their son sometime before 1800.

[Year: 1800; Census Place: Westminster, Frederick, Maryland; Series: M32; Roll: 10; Page: 198; Image: 205; Family History Library Film: 193663. 1800 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2010. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. Original data: Second Census of the United States, 1800. NARA microfilm publication M32 (52 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C. Second Census of the United States, 1800]

*He is my maternal fifth great grandfather. His granddaughter Leah Bixler married Frederick Grove (or Groves) and their daughter Delilah's marriage to Dick Worden brings them into my line through my grandmother Anna Delilah Webb.
**Some clarification is needed here, although I think you can guess what "Puter and Kitching Whear" are, unless you happen to be familiar with linen production you wouldn't know what hackled flax is but if you watch this video you'll know all about it. Flax tow is the name given to the shorter fibers left over after hackling; you can see a picture of it here (and buy a pound or two if you want). The "old Gartain" is, I think, a lapse into German (garten) and the "Ober orchard" probably is too. If you want to understand what a spring house, here is a video tour of a stone one in Forks Township in Northampton County, Pennsylvania. (We don't know any details about the Bixler's spring house but the principle would be the same.)
***His oldest son Samuel died the previous year.
****You can see 58-year old Elizabeth's signature on this document in my previous post about her here.
*****Read all about this kind of stove here

© 2017 Copyright, Christine Manczuk, All Rights Reserved.