Have you used the federal Bureau of Land Management (BLM) site for land patents and related information? If you have Texas ancestry it is important to know that the state of Texas also has a similar site for Texas land records, the Texas General Land Office (GLO).
Texas land records and tax records can be used together to discover where your ancestors were if they owned Texas land.
To view the interactive map you launch the GISWEB Viewer, which opens a new browser window or tab.
"The GISWEB, an interactive mapping application, provides access to vast collections of land and energy related data at the Texas General Land Office. The GISWEB display upland and submerged Original Texas Land Survey boundaries, Permanent School Fund land, upland and coastal leases, oil and gas well locations, and current imagery.
If you select Instructional videos it launches another viewer (which takes at least a few minutes to load so be patient), and eventually 19 minutes of short tutorials appear in the left-hand slide show directory. I recommend spending some time getting acquainted with this.
I knew that my 3rd great grandfather J. T. S. Warren (1825-1894) lived in the Douglassville area of Cass County, Texas:
I was unsuccessful in finding familiar names in the "Grantee" search for in Cass County, but using graphical search and the 1890 tax list for Cass County, Texas I had transcribed some years ago I found the general area.
Cass County, Texas Records of 1890
Gen 976.4195 N2 CAS (at Carlsbad Library, San Diego, CA)
Assessment of Property in Cass County Texas
Owned by Residents and Rendered for Taxation
Owner Abstract# Cert# Original Grantee Acres Value$
Warren, J. T. S., Sr 1071 574 M. Ward 250 +
Warren, J. T. S. Sr 1068 3344/3445 J. Walling 50 450
Warren, J. P. 1071 571 M. Ward 150 +
Warren, J. P. 55 577 P. W. Birmingham 100 450/300*
Warren, Bill (c) 258 546 Jno. Davis 50 75
Warren, Joe (c)**** 1070 2089/2199 J. Wadkins 137 274
Warren, Pompy (c) 1077 516 E. Watson 60 120
(NOTE: I'm not sure what the *, +stand for. (c) is almost certainly "colored".)
M. Ward = Matthias Ward??
I learned to use tax records in another way from genealogist Kelvin Meyers in his Ancestry Academy ($) lecture on "Texas: Researching the Lone Star State" using the abstract number that was on the tax record for each owner.
|Using one of the abstract numbers in the 1890 tax list, I searched again.|
|This gives a more specific part of J. Walling's area where J. T. S. Warren was taxed.|
****I'm almost certain this is Joseph Warren (1821-1891), a former slave and land owner and ancestor of Darelene Warren Rothwell, who wrote the award-winning 2005 book "East Texas Biographies: A History of African-American Families and Slaveholders in Cass County, East Texas, from the Colonial Days and Slavery to the Twenty-first Century". Darlene was the first person I talked to about Warrens in Cass County. She was very encouraging and helpful, even though it turned out we had no common relations or ties (there were two totally separate Warren lines in Cass County, naturally LOL). The book was a private short run publication and may only be available directly from Darelene for purchase if she still has extra copies, but you can also check on WorldCat for availability.
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